Canada is located at the north end of the American region. Its area ranges from the Atlantic Ocean towards the east, the Pacific Ocean to the western side, and to the north to the Arctic Ocean. It takes up almost half the North American territory since it is the 2nd biggest nation after Russia. It borders in America towards the south, and to the northwest with its federal government state Alaska.
It is said that the territory was initially ruled by the Inuits. At an archaeological level, there exists proof that the very first natives who first came to Canada, did so through traversing a land bridge which had formed between Asia and Alaska over the last Ice Age around 40,000 years back (More on: eTA Canada ).
History shows that the first European contact the country had has been done because of the pursuit created by the Italian John Cabot, who had been cruising after the instructions of King Henry VII of England. In 1497, Cabot ran into the eastern Canadian shoreline and also claimed it for the King. This trip, in conjunction with the subsequent one in 1498, gave England the justification to locate a large number of the eastern part of ??North America; in fact, they consequently claimed Newfoundland, Cape Breton and neighboring areas in line with the exploits of Cabot.
In 1534, the French explorer, Jacques Cartier, was designated by King Francisco to have a trip trying to find the Northwest Passage. The idea of ??the king was to uncover wealth such as all those they had seen in Inca and Aztec place, in other words, they were dedicated to looking for gold more than anything else, but Cartier just uncovered “stones and a few awful and sharp rocks” based on what he told in the diary.
Cartier continued exploring and arrived on the Gaspé Peninsula (Quebec), whose land he claimed for France. French people enjoyed their luxurious monopoly for several decades, however in 1670 British came out with the goal of forging a monopoly of the fur industry, that led to a legal discussion among those who had on their part the negotiations on territory ownership. However, the balance leaned towardsBritain and also France ceded Canada to the English Crown through theTreaty of Paris in 1763.
Then, the federal government passed the Constitutional Law of 1791 that split the region directly into two British colonies called Upper Canada (presently the southern area of Ontario) and Lower Canada (presently southern Quebec). Lower Canada retained French civil laws, but both provinces were ruled by the British penal code. Each and every colony had its assigned ruler and was able to choose its cabinet or executive authorities.
Troubles elevated since the federal government and its council were English but led a mostly French assembly, which generated political pressure and also rebellions. The ideas of unification soon appeared nonetheless it wasn’t until 1840 that they were raised as regulation. Both colonies quickly joined in the state of Canada, governed by the completely new Parliament of Canada as the only legislative body.
Last but not least, it acquired its self-government in 1867 as well as its autonomy in 1931, continuing to be a Commonwealth empire. And, Newfoundland, which was until then a domain of the United Kingdom, joined up with Canada in 1949.
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